Town in north east of Egypt, located near the Mediterranean Sea. It is 326 km northwest of Cairo, El Alamein (or Al Alamayn) is a town in northern Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea coastin Matruh Governorate. It is located 106 kilometres (66 mi) west of Alexandria and 240 kilometres (149 mi) northwest of Cairo. The population was approximately 7,397 people, as of 2007.
Until recently it has mainly been a port facility for shipping oil, but like the whole north coast of Egypt is now developing as a luxury resort for elite tourism.
El Alamein played a major role in the outcome of World War II. Two extended battles were fought in that area:
- · At the First Battle of El Alamein (July 1 – July 27, 1942) the advance of Axis troops on Alexandria was blunted by the Allies, when the German Panzers tried to outflank the allied position.
- · At the Second Battle of El Alamein (October 23 – November 4, 1942) Allied forces broke the Axis line and forced them in a retreat that pushed them all the way back to Tunisia. Winston Churchill said of this victory: "This is not the end, nor is it even the beginning of the end, but it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning."
How to reach it?
There is an International Airport at Al Alamein. If you are inside Egypt , you can go to Alalamin by bus or by train to Alexandria, then take a bus to Al Alamin . Our staff can assist you to book a ticket or reach the bus or train stations to go to Alexandria. Incase you need a private air-conditioned vehicle, Memphistours can arrange that for you.
El Alamein is most notable as the place where the Allied forces of WW II gained a decisive victory of the Axis forces. There are several hotels and a beach resort.There is also a war museum with collectibles from the Battle of El Alamein and other North African battles.
The only historical interest in this village would be related to WW II, and includes an Italian and German military cemeteries on Tell el-Eisa Hill just outside of town.
Al-AlemeinWar Museum is located 105 kilometers west of Alexandria. It is placed within the military areas of El Alumni.
Who built it ?
The museum was opened in the year 1956, during the presidency of Gamal Abdel Nasser.
Why was it built?
It was built as a memorial of the Battle of Al Alamein , between the British and the Germans in 1942, and the battles that took place in South Africa during the Second World War. Al-Alemein War Museum was renewed and reopened in 1992, during the presidency of Mubarak. The museum is one of the best places to visit in order to achieve an understanding of the story of World War II in Egypt .
Al-Alemein Museum is a complete illustration of the story of World War II in North Africa, containing records of all the events. Even before entering the Museum proper, in the garden, there are huge army tanks and various larger weapons. A visitor can view this heavy equipment from World War II, go inside a tank or an army car, or even jump up and sit on a top of a tank. The garden has about fifteen large pieces used by different forces in the Battle of Al-Alemein.
Inside the museum there are five halls, each of them is dedicated to one of the four countries involved in the war, including Great Britain, Italy, Germany, and Egypt . The museum also has a mixed hall that contains items from the war generally.
The Egyptian hall: It shows how Egypt helped the allies during the war. There are statues of Egyptian soldiers who helped the British troops in the war.
The British hall : The hall mainly concentrates on the British troops and how they were able to defeat the Italians and then the Germans in North Africa.
The Italian Hall: It contains, just like the other halls, some statues of Italian soldiers wearing their uniform and participating in the war.
The German Hall: It displays the role of the German army in the battle of Al Alamin and in the other battles of North Africa during World War ll.
The most interesting hall of the museum in the Museum is the Mixed Hall because it shows items from all the sides involved in the war. Small models in the middle of the hall demonstrate the important battles between the British and the Italian in the beginning, and the British and the German afterwards. The hall has one part that tells the history of each country and why they were involved in the war. Real photographed pictures of the battle are shown on the walls with information and statistics about each participant.